Orthodontia, also known as orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics, was the first specialty created in the field of dentistry. An orthodontist is a specialist who has undergone special training in a dental school or college after he/she has graduated in dentistry.
The history of orthodontics has been intimately linked with the history of dentistry for more than 2000 years. Dentistry, had its origins as a part of medicine. According to the AAO (American Association of Orthodontists), archaeologists have discovered mummified ancients with crude metal bands wrapped around individual teeth.
Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that corrects teeth and jaws that are positioned improperly. Crooked teeth and teeth that do not fit together correctly are harder to keep clean, are at risk of being lost early due to tooth decay and periodontal disease, and cause extra stress on the chewing muscles that can lead to headaches,
TMJ syndrome and neck, shoulder and back pain. Teeth that are crooked or not in the right place can also detract from one’s appearance.
For comprehensive orthodontic treatment, metal wires are inserted into orthodontic brackets (braces), which can be made from stainless steel or a more aesthetic ceramic material. The wires interact with the brackets to move teeth into the desired positions.
Do I need an orthodontic treatment?
Yes, If you have any of the following conditions:
Sometimes called “buck teeth” — where the upper front teeth lie too far forward (stick out) over the lower teeth
A “bulldog” appearance where the lower teeth are too far forward or the upper teeth too far back
When the upper teeth do not come down slightly in front of the lower teeth when biting together normally
- Open bite
Space between the biting surfaces of the front and/or side teeth when the back teeth bite together
- Misplaced midline
When the center of your upper front teeth does not line up with the center of your lower front teeth
Gaps, or spaces, between the teeth as a result of missing teeth or teeth that do not “fill up” the mouth
When there are too many teeth for the dental ridge to accommodate
Orthodontics was the first recognized specialty field within dentistry. Many countries have their own systems for training and registering orthodontic specialists. A two- to four-year period of full-time post-graduate study is required for a dentist to qualify as Specialist Orthodontist.